1. To ensure transparency in decision making and implementation of scheme  2. To enhance accountability of delivery system to the people  3. To increase public participation in the implementation of the scheme  4. To enable people to exercise their rights  5. To plug in irregularities in the implementation of the scheme  Social Audit under MGNREGA One of the integral features of MGNREGA is that it gives central importance to ensure transparency and accountability in the implementation of the Scheme  through the conduct of social audit. The main purpose of conducting social audit is to enable the community to exercise the right bestowed on them through  MGNREGA under Rights and Entitlement of Wage Seekers.  With the latest notification by the Ministry of Rural Development of MGNREGA Audit of Schemes  Rules, it placed a norm to conduct social audit atleast once in every six months. Social audit as a continuous process: tool for monitoring and evaluation Social Audit under MGNREGA is understood as an on-going continuous process of public vigilance, auditing the scheme during pre implementation of the  project, during project implementation and post implementation of the projects. In the context of MGNREGA, the process of social audit should include public  vigilance and verification of the following 11 stages of implementation  1. Registration of families. 2. Distribution of Job cards. 3. Receipt of work Applications. 4. Preparation of Shelf of Projects and Selection of Sites. 5. Development and approval of technical estimates and issuance of work order. 6. Allotment of work to individuals. 7. Implementation and supervision of works. 8. Payment of unemployment allowance. 9. Payment of wages. 10. Evaluation of work. 11. Mandatory social audit in the village. Social Audit Forum Under MGNREGA apart from the ongoing process of social audit it has mandated to convene Social Audit Forum once in every six months, which will serve as  an institutional forum where people can conduct details public audit of all MGNREGA works that have been carried out in their area in the preceding six months.  Institutional Arrangement for the conduct of Social Audit In the absence of the culture of Panchayati Raj in the State, alternate arrangement has been made where the Village Employment Council consisting of every  male and female head of each household is formed vested with the role and function as that of the Gram Sabha and Area Employment Council (AEC) formed at  a cluster level comprising of all villages within 2.5 km radius is given the responsibilities as that of the Gram Panchayat.  As per section 17 (2) of the Act, the Gram Sabha shall conduct Social Audit of all the projects under the Scheme.   The VEC initially are entrusted with the  responsibility for conducting Social Audit. However, as per to the amendment of the State Scheme, the AEC are entrusted to carry out social Audit, where each  AEC will constitute a Social Audit Committee.  But due to inexperience and absence of capable persons, instead of the AEC, Non- Government Organisations  are engaged as Social Audit facilitators. The Facilitators have been trained by the State Government and are given the responsibility to facilitate conduct of social  audit in the State. Social Audits conducted Cumulative upto the month of March, 2013

Districts

No Of Social Audits

No of public Hearings

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

South Garo Hills

10

16

60

7

4

10

West Garo Hills

1321

549

1332

33

223

37

East Khasi Hills

443

531

705

10

11

48

Jaintia Hills

249

174

424

5

7

8

Ri Bhoi

589

589

590

129

54

146

East Garo Hills

286

925

925

27

35

26

West Khasi Hills

510

575

662

510

454

662

Total

3408

3359

4698

721

788

937

Pictures of Social Audits conducted under different CnRD Blocks of Meghalaya Click on the photo to Enlarge Social Audit at Katolbari -B Tikrikilla C&RD Block, West Garo Hills District Meghalaya Social Audit being held at Resubelpara C&RD Block East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Social Audit being held at Karkutta C&RD Block East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Orientation cum training of Social Audit Facilitators Jowai, Jaintia Hills District Meghalaya Training on Social Audit Jirang C&RD Block Ri Bhoi District Meghalaya Social audit public meeting at Bajengdoba VEC under Resubelpara C&RD Block East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Social audit public meeting at Ronga Agal VEC under Dambo Rongjeng C&RD Block East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Public hearing at Mangsang G.S. Circle under Dambo Rongjeng C&RD Block, East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Public hearing at Rongreng Baiza G.S. Circle under Samanda C&RD Block, East Garo Hills District Meghalaya Public hearing at Manikganj G.S. Circle under Resubelpara C&RD Block, East Garo Hills District Meghalaya STATE RURAL EMPLOYMENT SOCIETY The Nodal Agency for Implementation of MGNREGA in Meghalaya Introduction India being one the largest democratic country has place its people's at the core of its development activities. The 73rd Amendment to the constitution has put  forth for the   conduct of social audit by the Gram Sabha or the public. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) emphasizes  the importance of transparency in the scheme and mandates Social Audit as a tool to maintain transparency and accountability through the participation of the  people:  Social Audit is defined as a process in which details of the resources, both financial and non financial used by the Public Agency for the development initiatives,  are shared with the public through a public platform. This aspect allows the clientele to enforce transparency and accountability by scrutinizing the development  activities which also enable them to participant in the development process.   Needs for Social Audit Best View Resolution: 1366 X 768 Helpline: 1800 345 0364 Email: megnregacell[at]gmail.com Terms of Use